ARMAND GUILLAUMIN (French / 1841-1927)

Jean-Baptiste Armand Guillaumin was the longest-surviving member of the Impressionists who exhibited at the First Impresssionist Exhibition in 1874. Armand Guillaumin came from a humble background, and worked nights in the Department of Bridges and Causeways in order to support himself and have the daylight in which to paint. He only became financially independent at the age of 50, not through artistic success but through a massive win on the national lottery. In 1861 he gave up his job on the railways to study for two years at the Académie Suisse, where he met his lifelong friends Cézanne and Pissarro. Guillaumin, Cézanne and Pissarro all made their first etchings at Auvers, in the studio of their mutual friend - and Pissarro's neighbour - Dr. Paul Gachet. Some of these early etchings of Guillaumin's first appeared, like Gachet's, in the journal Paris à l'eau-forte. These etchings of the 1870s are probably Guillaumin's most important prints, expressing as they do the fresh inspiration of Impressionism-in-the-making. Guillaumin's love of vivid colour anticipated the Fauves; he was friendly with Van Gogh, and influenced the young Matisse and other Fauves including Othon Friesz. Although he exhibited at most of the Impressionist exhibitions, and was admired by the other founders of the movement, Armand Guillaumin has not yet achieved the high popularity of Cézanne or Pissarro; he remains for now the undiscovered Impressionist. Our "artist photo" shows Cézanne's etched portrait of Armand Guillaumin, made in Gachet's studio at Auvers. See: Serret, Fabiani & Schmit, Armand Guillaumin 1841-1927 (1971); Gray, Armand Guillaumin (1972); Budde, Vom Spiel der Farbe: Armand Guillaumin, ein vergessener Impressionist (1996).

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Selected prints by ARMAND GUILLAUMIN

La Seine, vue de
Charenton, 1873
Chemin des
Hautes-Bruyères, 1873

View all available prints by ARMAND GUILLAUMIN