JOHNNY FRIEDLANDER (German/French /
Johnny Friedlander (or Friedländer, or Friedlaender) was one of the most important printmakers of the twentieth century, working with a surrealist aesthetic. Born in Pless in Silesia, Friedlander studied at the art academy in Breslau, where his teachers were Otto Mueller, a former member of Die Brücke, and Carlo Mense. Friedlander then settled in Dresden, but in 1933 he was interned in the first Nazi concentration camp. Obtaining his release two years later, Friedlander fled first to Czechoslovakia and then to Holland. In 1937 he arrived in Paris. In WWII Friedlander joined the British Army, was made prisoner, but escaped. From 1945 Johnny Friedlander made his permanent home in Paris, where in 1947 he founded a printmaking studio with Albert Flocon, a fellow German refugee. Friedlander was also closely associated with Jacques Villon. There is a catalogue of Friedlander's prints by Rolf Schmücking; see also the catalogue of the retrospective exhibition Johnny Friedlander-De Dresde à Paris-Du noir à la couleur, Couvent des Cordeliers and Goethe Institut/Galerie de Condé, Paris, 1994.
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